Story of ERI and MUGA

What is Eri?

The name “Eri” is derived from an Assamese word “Era” the castor plant. It is one of the softest and purest forms of Silk which is fancied by silk lovers all over the world. The silkworms give the Eri Silk a dull yellow, gold like sheen. Used as a shawl/wrapper in olden times, this wonderful silk has undergone enormous technical advancements in today’s time to be used in every kind of fashion and home décor products.


Eri or Errandi Silk is a signature fabric from North-East India, which is also popularly known as 'Ahimsa Silk' or the 'Silk of Peace' due to methods used in its production. Unlike other silks, the moth is allowed to leave the cocoon before the Eri silk is extracted earning the fabric the recognition of an ‘eco friendly’ fabric.

Features & Properties

  • Eri silk has excellent thermal insulating property which is rare in any other textiles.
  • Its blends with wool, cashmere, bamboo, linen, ramie etc.
  • Its anti-fungal, high moisture regain, soft and subtle.
  • Protects the body from cold as well hot climate, from skin allergy, skin disease, infection etc
  • It is very strong and elastic and is relatively odourless compared to other fibres sourced from animal origin.
  • Technology today has made it possible for Eri to be spun differently, have different textures, and be available in different colors. This makes it easier for designers to adopt Eri in their creations. From baby clothes to traditional sarees to bridal gowns, this sustainable fabric is emerging as a very popular choice.
  • 98% of India’s eri silk is produced in Assam and the North-east. It is therefore the silk of the real silk country.
  • Eri shawls are offered inside the coffins with the belief that, it will protect the human being even after his death by some communities.


  • Fashion apparels like saree, mekhela chadar, kurta, tops, goens, skirts, shirts, trousers, jacket, tie etc.
  • Home Decor like curtains, table runners, table cloth, cushion covers, pillow covers etc.
  • Eri is used to make winter wear clothing such as shawls, stoles, and jackets due to its thermal properties
  • Considered as ‘Holy fabric’, it is used by Buddhist monks in India, Bhutan, Nepal, China, Japan due to its cruelty-free process.
  • Sericin, a powder extracted from Eri silk cocoons can also be used in development of cosmectics

What is Muga?

This golden yellow colour silk is prerogative of India and the pride of Assam state. It is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea assamensis. These silkworms feed on the aromatic leaves of Som and Soalu plants and are reared on trees similar to that of tasar.
Muga culture is specific to the state of Assam and an integral part of the tradition and culture of that state. One of the most expensive of silks in the world, Muga is used to make sarees and mekhela chadar, which is the traditional outfit of the Assamese people.

Features & Properties

  • It is a very durable fabric and is known to outlive its owner.
  • This silk gets more lustrous as it ages and the fabric gets softer with every wash.
  • Experiments on Muga silk prove that this silk can absorb close to 80% ultra-violet rays and also absorbs moisture beautifully. This makes it an ideal fabric to use as sunshield.
  • This fabric is not just a luxurious piece of fabric but an ecological marvel as well. The silkworms that create Muga, the Antheraea Assamensis, are as old as dinosaurs.
  • It cannot tolerate even the most minimum of pollution levels.
  • Ahom kings were known to keep many costly Muga sets in the royal storehouse for presentation to distinguished visitors to their court.
  • Queens were personally involved in training weavers. The fabric was also a chief export of the Ahoms.
  • It is known for its resilience. It can be given a fine texture by dry ironing it in a damp state or it can attain a crushed look by not getting ironed.


  • Extensively used for making apparels like mekhela chadors and sarees. The Muga mekhela-chador is a traditional dress of Assamese women for Bihu dances and weddings.
  • It is used in making various items like hats, caps, scarf’s, wraps, stoles, quilts, bridal wear, upholstery, mens kurtas etc.
  • It is also in great demand in Japan to make kimonos and other traditional garments. Also countries like U.S., Greece, Germany, South Africa and France are keen in using Muga due to its UV ray protection property.